CRRC Dalian Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as CRRC Dalian) originally founded in 1899 now has become the only key large-scale state-owned enterprise in China not only independently developing diesel locomotives, electric locomotives, engines and urban transit LRVs but also exporting them in batches. The Company has the capacity of producing 600 locomotives, repairing 400 locomotives, 700 urban transit LRVs and 500 high power diesel engines annually. By the end of August 2018, the Company has newly built more than 70 types of diesel locomotives and more than 11 types of electric locomotives. The number of the newly built locomotives has reached a total of more than 11400 sets, which accounts for about half of National Railway locomotive stock. Thereinto, the number of HXD Type locomotives exceeds 3900 sets, and the number of locomotives overhauled by the Company exceeds 2100 sets. The locomotive products of CRRC Dalian cover the full spectrum of railway bureaus in China. In the early days of the foundation of new China, the Company (named as factory at that time) was established by the country as a leading factory for designing domestic locomotives and vehicles and manufacturing base, during the period the factory aided to build up nearly ten factories in China rail transport equipment industry by transferring personnel and equipment and supporting technologies. That is why the Company has been praised as Cradle of Locomotives by national leaders.
Now the existing factory of the Company covers a total area of 0.9 square kilometers and new factory Lvshun Base covers 2.35 square kilometers (under construction). By the end of 2012, the complete relocation of the whole urban rail vehicle department has been finished. The production operation in Lvshun Base now has basically saturated. Up to now, the second stage of the construction project of the diesel engine department has been finished. The most advanced multiple-system and multiple-gauge fully-enclosed tridimensional circular railway in China has been established in Lvshun Base, and the Company has carried out the completion ceremony of the locomotives for South Africa and the ceremony of launching the test ring. Up to the end of August 2018, the Company now has 8387 employees and owns total capital assets of RMB 22 billion Yuan. In 2011 HXD3 high power AC electric freight locomotive has been awarded the first prize of National Science & Technology Progress, and the Company was also awarded the Advanced Unit of Quality Work, passed the IRIS International Railway Standard System certification; in January 2013 the Company was awarded the excellence prize for the 9th National Equipment Management; in January 2015 awarded the innovation achievement prize for National Enterprise Management; on May 17, 2014, awarded the Chinese Industry Prize; on February 28, 2015, the Company was awarded the National Civilized Unit. On January 8th 2018, Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang and other Chinese party and state leaders attended the National Science and Technology Awards Conference. Led by CRRC Group Company, the “New Generation Research and Application of AC Drive Fast Passenger Electric Locomotives” project joined and completed by CRRC Dalian won the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award.
Since the reform and opening-up, the Company has actively promoted technology import and independent innovation, and has paid great attention to technical cooperation and exchanges with international advanced enterprises such as Ricardo in the United Kingdom, Southwestern Institute in the United States, EMD in the United States, Bombardier in Canada, Knorr in Germany, Toshiba in Japan, AVL in Austria, Voith in Germany, and Ansaldo in Italy. The Company vigorously implemented the re-innovation strategy of introduction, digestion, and absorption, established and improved a product research and development technology platform that leads the market, perfected the technology research and development system, and built up a company-level enterprise technology center. In 2016, the Company’s first Provincial Academician Expert Workstation was awarded the license, and the Provincial Engineering Research Center passed the acceptance and was officially launched.
Since the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, the Company has successively experienced six large scale technology transformations and filled up a number of blanks in domestic locomotive industry. In September 1956, the Company independently designed and manufactured China's first mainline steam locomotive, filling the gap in China's locomotive industry. In September 1958, the Company successfully developed China's first diesel locomotive and became China's first diesel locomotive manufacturer.。In September 1969, the Dongfeng-4 diesel locomotive was successfully developed by the Company. Since then, the Dongfeng-4 locomotive has upgraded and developed from the A-type to the D-type after a 20-year process having become the main model for the first five great railway speedings of China.
At the beginning of this century, in 2001 and 2002, the Company successfully developed the "Jinling" EMU and the "Putian" tilting DMU respectively. In December 2003, after having successfully developed the AC freight electric locomotive with the speed of 120km per hour, the Company started the mass production of the 7200kW six-axle electric locomotive and the 9600kW six-axle electric locomotive. The Company also developed the HXD type high power AC electric locomotives such as the passenger electric locomotive with a speed of 160km per hour and the 9600kW freight electric locomotive. In recent years, the company is also accelerating the R&D and testing of the passenger electric locomotives with the speed of 200 km per hour, the passenger diesel locomotives with the speed of 160 km per hour, 3,000 hp energy-saving and environment-friendly shunting diesel locomotives, and highland locomotives (new type).On August 16, 2014, highland locomotives (HXN3 diesel locomotives) developed by the Company began to undertake the passenger and freight traction task from Lhasa to Shigatse in Tibetan, which marked domestic high-power locomotive firstly reached "the roof of the world". In December 2014, the type of the locomotive named after “Mao Zedong” was changed for the fifth time and in September 2017, the type of the locomotive named after “Zhu De” was changed for the fifth time. Prior to 2008, the company has totally produced approximately 90000 various railway freight vehicles (more than 40 types).
The Company vigorously implements the development strategy of “going out”. Since the year 1993 when locomotives were exported to Myanmar, realizing the zero breakthrough of main line locomotive export, by the end of August 2018, the Company has successively exported over 400 urban rail transit vehicles to four countries and also exported more than 700 locomotives to 24 countries such as South Africa, Malaysia, New Zealand, Angola, Argentina and Uzbekistan etc., the total export volume occupies the first place in China. In 2013, electric locomotive products of the company exported abroad for the first time. With the advantage of technological superiority, the Company contracted to manufacture 232 sets of diesel locomotive for South Africa on March 17, 2014, so far this is largest the single order for domestic diesel locomotives overseas export. On August 2, 2016, by right of its technological superiority, the Company signed the supply contract of the fourth batch of diesel locomotives with New Zealand, totaling 63 sets. During the Summer of 2018, more than 3,900 sets of HXD3 type high-power AC locomotives developed by the Company became the main force for passenger and freight transport of railways.
Since the turn of the century, the Company seizes market opportunities, designed and manufactured series urban LRVs with domestic leading level. By the end of August 2018, it had undertaken more than 2,880 domestic and international urban rail vehicle products, and created a product portfolio of multiple urban rail vehicles such as metro rail metro cars, modern trams, and inter-city rail service.The Company has delivered about thousand high-quality urban LRVs in batches to Beijing, Tianjin, Xi’an, Shenyang, Dalian etc. and won wide recognition from users. In 2012, the Company completed the entire technology introduction for advanced modern trams without pantograph and low floor trams with ground power supply system; Zhuhai 100% low floor trams began to operate on line in September 2014. (In August 2017, the development and experimental verification of the medium-low-speed maglev 12m test vehicle was completed. The company has acquired the ability to design and manufacture urban rail vehicle series products with leading domestic level, and entered the engineering contracting field relying on its modern tram products, creating a new model for urban rail vehicle industry development.
Diesel engine is the Company’s core technology advantage with independent IPR. All diesel engines have formed four major series, i.e., 240, 265, 270 and 280. The power range covers from 1,000 hp to 7,000 hp. The main performance index of the engines has taken the leading position among domestic high power medium speed engines. The technology of its diesel engine has reached the international advanced level. The trial production of dual fuel engine was completed in 2012; the type test of 16V265H plateau applied diesel engine and homemade manufacture of 8RK270 and 16RK270 diesel engines were completed in 2014; 12V265 diesel engine acquired the national important new products certificate in 2015; In 2016, the company completed all performance tests and reliability tests of the 12V240H diesel engine, the CCS type approval test of the 20RK270 diesel engine and the loading performance test of the 12V265A diesel engine. In 2017, the company's first D180 high-speed machine completed the Euro IIIA performance development test. Each year the Company undertakes and signs a number of supply contracts for marine diesel engines and diesel gen-sets, recently it also successfully getting into nuclear power supporting field. In 2017, the Company achieved a new breakthrough in the sales of the naval ship market. Since 2017, the performance development test and the durability and reliability test of the first D180 high speed machine of Euro ⅢA have been completed.
So far he Company has successively won more than 500 honorable titles (municipal level or above) such as National Advanced Enterprise, National Civilized Unit, National Quality Management Award, National Award for Science and Technology Progress, National Quality Advanced Unit and China Industry Award etc.. Jiang Zemin wrote an inscription for the enterprise at the 100th anniversary of its founding on May 28, 1999. He said, “Keep a foothold in China, march to the world and strive to develop Chinese locomotives industry”. Hu Jintao put forward his ardent expectations to the enterprise on June 11, 2002. He said, “Your enterprise is a senior factory with more than 100 years history, which should be also managed to be a first-class locomotive manufacturer.” On July 1, 2006, Li Changchun and Li keqiang (as Liaoning provincial party committee secretary at that time) came to inspect and pointed out, “enterprises such as Dalian Locomotive Company belong to national backbone enterprises vital to national economy and people’s livelihood and national economic of strategic security, to be a “national team” enterprise, bearing the historic responsibility to revitalize our national industry”.
New era, new mission, new responsibility, new obligation, following the guidance of the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and actively implementing Xi Jinping’s socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era, with the mission of building a “powerful country with traffic” and “connecting the world for the benefit of mankind”, CRRC Dalian Company will actively adapt to the new normal, further emancipate the mind, make concerted efforts, forge ahead, comprehensively strengthen innovation ability and improve the quality of development by grasping the spirit of the speech by Xi Jinping during the inspection visit to CRRC and grasping the major strategic opportunities such as “One Belt and One Way” international connectivity cooperation, speeding up urbanization, the national support for the development of the railway construction, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration, a new round of the revitalization of northeast old industrial base and Made in China 2025 strategy demonstrating the concept of great powers of core technology and industry, stepping forward to the construction target of being a quality-oriented and efficiency-oriented world- class enterprise and also being a respected enterprise group to be collectivized managed in operation, clustering in industry, globalized in market, perfect in management and internationalized for enterprise.